Brasil, 2004
Country name: Federative Republic of Brazil
Governement type: federative republic
National holiday: Independence Day, 7 September 
Historical background: Following three centuries under the rule of Portugal, Brazil became an independent nation in 1822. By far the largest and most populous country in South America, Brazil has overcome more than half a century of military intervention in the governance of the country to pursue industrial and agricultural growth and development of the interior. Exploiting vast natural resources and a large labor pool, Brazil is today South America's leading economic power and a regional leader. Highly unequal income distribution remains a pressing problem.
Flag description: green with a large yellow diamond in the center bearing a blue celestial globe with 27 white five-pointed stars (one for each state and the Federal District) arranged in the same pattern as the night sky over Brazil; the globe has a white equatorial band with the motto ORDEM E PROGRESSO (Order and Progress). Flag.
National anthem: listen the anthem illustrated with the Brasilian coat of arms.
Geographic coordinates:
10 00 S, 55 00 W
Map: Brasil
Highest point: Pico da Neblina 3,014 m
Border countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela
Capital: Brasilia
Major cities: Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte, Salvador, Fortaleza, Nova Iguaçu, Recife, Curitiba, Pôrto Alegre, Belém, Goiâna, Campinas
Population: 184,1 millions (2003)
Density: 20.68 hab./km²
Life expectancy: 71 years
Ethnic groups: White (includes Portuguese, German, Italian, Spanish, Polish) 55%, mixed white and black 38%, black 6%, other 1%
Languages: Portuguese (official), Spanish, English, French
Religion: Roman Catholic (nominal) 80%
Currency: Real
GDP per capita: € 7,600 (2003 est)
Internet country code: .br
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